An upcoming review session with a student who is struggling with Spanish commands inspired me to make this chart. Some notes:
- I used boldface for the subjunctive box and the lines leading into it in order to emphasize that in most cases, the command form is just the subjunctive.
- I left out two details:
- dropping the final s on affirmative nosotros commands before nos (e.g. quedémonos ‘let’s stay’) or se (e.g. enseñémosela ‘let’s teach them it’);
- the irregular affirmative vosotros command idos (for ir).
- The accent marks usually needed when a pronoun is added simply follow the regular rules for Spanish. That’s why you see one on háblame ‘talk to me’ (same stress pattern as e.g. teléfono) but not on dime ‘tell me’ (same stress pattern as cine).
- The irregular affirmative tú commands are listed in the order of the mnemonic “Vin Diesel has ten weapons, eh?”